In October 2002, at a meeting between U.S. and North Korean high officials held
in Pyongyang, North Korea admitted that, in contravention to the 1994 framework
agreement pledging to freeze its nuclear development program, it had been secretly
developing enriched uranium that could be used in nuclear weapons. Then, on January
10, 2003, it declared that it would withdraw from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation
In addition, during his meeting with Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi
on September 17, 2002, General Secretary Kim Jong Il admitted that his country
had abducted Japanese citizens.
RENGO, from the perspective of being citizens of the only victim country of nuclear
bombing, believes that nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction should not
be held by any country, for any reason. We also believe that the abductions represent
extreme violations of both human rights and of national sovereignty.
Consequently, we make the following resolution, and will lobby the respective
governments on these issues.
- North Koreas withdrawal from the NPT is not acceptable, as it will
weaken the NPT regime, represent a step backward for denuclearization on the Korean
Peninsula, and lead to extreme tensions in Northeast Asia. North Korea should
immediately return to the NPT, and cease its development of nuclear weapons.
- The Japanese government should adopt a clear stance that there can be no
normalization of diplomatic relations between the two countries or any economic
cooperation as long as the issues of the abductions and nuclear weapons development
are not resolved, and should respond to these problems on its own initiative.
With regard to the problem of nuclear development, which has already been referred
to the United Nations Security Council, Japan must, as one of the major countries
of the region, work in close cooperation with the U.S. and South Korea, call for
the cooperation of China and Russia, and actively carry out diplomatic activities
at the United Nations aiming for a peaceful resolution of the nuclear issue.
With regard to the abduction issue, the Japanese government must make maximum
efforts to achieve a full resolution, including the full liberation and permanent
return to Japan of the victims, as well as compensation.